Many different things can cause back pain. What it is important to note, is that back pain is usually the symptom of a greater problem. Back pain can be grouped into categories which include:
Emotional and stress related pain is also common in the back and neck areas.
Since many different types of conditions can affect a person’s back and cause pain, the doctor will perform an evaluation of your physical health to help determine the cause. The doctor will collect your medical and family history to identify any possible conditions or patterns. The doctor will also ask questions, starting with when the pain began. This can help to determine if an injury caused the pain. The doctor will also ask about any recent symptoms or illnesses you have dealt with. There will also be a physical examination. The doctor may also want to take images of your spine using x-rays and may also use an MRI. If the pain is chronic and severe, the doctor may also perform nerve tests using an EMG, or electromyogram. These help determine if there is nerve damage present.
Pain management is critical for ongoing pain control, especially when patients are dealing with long-term or chronic pain. After getting an evaluation, the doctor will help you determine what the best treatment plan entails. The doctor can prescribe pain medications, physical therapy, and self-care techniques.